Ash trees and what they represent in Celtic Mythology

Ash trees feature often in Celtic Mythology, most often associated with fire, masculinity, strength, healing, balance, and rebirth.


Ash trees often symbolise Strength due to their deep, strong roots and their hard flexible wood, which is highly valued for construction. Ash trees can grow to over 40m (130ft) tall and often stand alone, due to the amount of space their extensive root system needs.


Ash wood is highly flammable and is often associated with Fire. In Celtic traditions, Ash wood is burnt at the festival of Beltane, on the first day of Summer. The burning of Ash trees offered protection for the crops and cattle during the summer, and symbolised rebirth, change, and growth.

In the Autumn, the Ash takes on a deep orange colour, further lending to the associations with fire.

New Life:

New life rising from the ashes is a common theme across several European mythologies, including Greek and Norse mythologies. In Norse mythology, the Ash tree is also associated with fire, and it was said that from root to leaf, the Ash tree stretched from the depths of hell to the gates of heaven.

A newly sprouted Ash bud


In some Druidic creation myths, Man was formed from Ash, and women from Rowan. For this reason Ash is often associated with Masculinity.


Ash trees are dioecious, which means that unusually, the male and female flowers grow on separate trees, or even on separate branches of the same tree. Ash is commonly seen as a symbol for balance.

This is also the case with Willow and Holly, both of whom were also revered in Celtic Mythology.

A mighty Ash at dusk. Ash often stand alone as their deep roots need a lot of space.

Ash tree in the Ogham Alphabet:

The Gaelic name for Ash is Nin, and it lends its name to the Ogham Celtic alphabet as the letter for N.

Ash Tree Celtic Jewelry:

An Ash Tree pendant on Etsy!

Many people choose to wear Ash Tree jewelry specifically for the associations with strength and new life. Whether or not the Ash is your Celtic Birth Tree, you may still wish to wear a piece celebrating the sacred Ash.